Ruđer Bošković was born in Dubrovnik. He developed a precursor of atomic theory and made many contributions to astronomy, including the first geometric procedure for securing the equator of a rotating planet from three observations of a surface feature and for computing the orbit of a planet from three observations of its position. He also discovered the absence of atmosphere on the Moon. He was a philosopher, diplomat, poet, physicist, theologian, mathematician, astronomer, geodesist, and an archeologist. He has operated in many areas of science, but his most crucial contributions are related to mathematics, hydromechanics, theoretical astronomy, geometry and analogous interpretation of all known natural phenomena.
In 1950, the Institute for Scientific Research in the field of Atomic Physics was founded in Zagreb. After Ivan Supek had proposed being invited to Ruđer Bošković, the institute soon changed its name to “The Ruđer Bošković Institute.” The institute has a multidisciplinary character: employ 550 academics and students from the fields of experimental and theoretical physics, chemistry and materials physics, chemistry, molecular biology and medicine, environmental and marine research, computer science and electronics.